Seafood may be a staple within the Canadian diet, but choosing sustainable options are often confusing. consistent with the Ocean Wise Seafood Program, sustainable seafood is defined as farming or catching species of fish during a way that ensures their future health and therefore the health of the greater marine ecosystem. Right now, 85-90% of the world’s fish stocks are over-exploited, so organizations like Ocean Wise, Seafood Watch and Marine Stewardship Council are working hard to make sure we make the proper choices when it involves our seafood, not only to preserve future generations of fish, but also to guard our oceans and our health. Here, we break down the simplest sustainable seafood for you to shop for and begin cooking.

1. Arctic char (Farmed)
Arctic char may look almost like salmon or rainbow trout with its pinky flesh, but its texture is more delicate with a milder flavour. you’ll cook it simply with a touch lemon, salt and pepper, or get creative and smear an upscale miso glaze on top. Arctic char is farmed in indoor recirculating tanks within the US, Canada and Iceland, which are considered one among the foremost environmentally responsible designs. This method of raising fish ensures the water is treated and filtered, decreasing the danger of pollution, and minimizing any negative impact on other aquatic habitats.

2. Cod (Pacific)
Cod may be a buttery, delicate option that’s often touted because the “not-so-fishy” fish (so seafood sceptics may find it more palatable). Cod was an outsized a part of Canada’s history, but unfortunately, within the 1990’s the cod industry off the shore of Newfoundland collapsed, and therefore the stocks were depleted. Now, the simplest cod to shop for is caught just off the coast of Alaska, using either long-line, pots or bottom-trawl methods. All of those methods impact the ocean, either by damaging the ocean bottom or harvesting non-targeted fish species, but these Alaskan cod fisheries are so incredibly well-managed that they ensure regulations exist to gauge fish stocks and reduce negative impacts to the seafloor.

3. Albacore Tuna (B.C. & Atlantic)
It may shock you to ascertain tuna on our list of the foremost sustainable seafood, but tuna that has been pole or troll caught, using lines off the coast of British Columbia and therefore the Atlantic, are great choices. These methods reduce the rates of by-catch (unintentionally catching other species of fish), and if non-targeted fish species are caught, they will be released. Fishing this manner also prevents damage to habitats, since these methods don’t touch the ocean bottom . you’ll find albacore tuna fresh, frozen or canned. It’s most ordinarily referred to as the “white meat” tuna, and it’s the guts of a delicious tuna sandwich.

4. Shellfish: Clams, Mussels, Oysters, Scallops (Farmed)
Shellfish are a well-liked a part of Canadian cuisine, from seared scallops to steamed mussels and clams to freshly shucked oysters. They’re farmed mainly in Eastern Canada and British Columbia using the off-bottom method, meaning they use floating rafts, bags or suspended ropes to boost the shellfish. Off-bottom farming doesn’t touch the ocean bottom, and there’s minimal by-catch, if any, so it’s incredibly sustainable. Shellfish also are referred to as filter feeders, because they eat particles found within the water, which actually filters and cleans it, allowing other marine life to thrive.

5. Sablefish (Alaska & B.C.)
Sablefish, also referred to as black cod, may be a true delicacy. It’s buttery, velvety, mild and oh-so delicious, and fortunately, it’s also sustainable. Sablefish is most ordinarily found along the Pacific Coast, especially near British Columbia and Alaska where the stocks are healthy. These fisheries are well-managed and have strong regulations that assess stocks, fishing levels, by-catch rates and restrict gear and entry in certain areas. This ensures there’s no over-fishing or depletion of non-targeted fish.

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